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Raw Milk Consumption

Dangers of Raw Milk

Food Safety and Raw Milk

Campylobacter jejuni—An Emerging Foodborne Pathogen

James B Dean. 2005 The raw milk wars: consumer accessibility to raw milk. Proc Am Ag Law Assoc, 26th annual agricultural law symposium, Oct 7-8.

J Mazurek, E Salehi, D Propes, et al. 2004. A multistate outbreak of Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium infection linked to raw milk consumption- Ohio, 2003. J Food Protection 67;2156-2170.
Also at

Outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni Infections Associated with Drinking Unpasteurized Milk Procured through a Cow-Leasing Program --- Wisconsin, 2001. MMWR Weekly, June 28, 2002/51(25);548-549.

Ladd-Wilson S, Yang S, Deneen V, et al. High-Risk Food Consumption, handling, and Preparation Practices of Adults in the FoodNet Sites, 1996-1997. 1st International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases. Atlanta, GA, March 1998.

Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection Associated With Eating Fresh Cheese Curds --- Wisconsin, June 1998. MMWR Oct 13, 2000/49(40);911-913

RC Wood, KL MacDonald, MT Osterholm.1992. Campylobacter enteritis outbreaks associated with drinking raw milk during youth activities. A 10-year review of outbreaks in the United States. JAMA. 1992 Dec 9;268(22):3228-30.

JM Rangel, PH Sparling, C Crowe, et al. 2005. Epidemiology of Escherichia coliO157:H7 Outbreaks, United States, 1982–2002. Emerging Infectious Diseases Vol. 11, No. 4, April 2005

SG Kim, EH Kim, CJ Lafferty, E Dubovi. 2005. Coxiella burnetiiin Bulk Tank Milk Samples, United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 11, No. 4, April 2005

IA Gillespie, GK Adak, SJ O’Brien, FJ Bolton. Milkborne general outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease, England and Wales, 1992–2000. Epidemiol Infect. 2003;130:461–8.

CR Friedman, RM Hoekstra, M Samuel, et al. 2004. Sporadic Campylobacter Infection in the United States: A Case-Control Study in FoodNet Sites. 2004:38 (Suppl 3) • S285

JA Korlath, MT Osterholm, JLA Forfang, et al. 1985. A point-source outbreak of campylobacteriosis associated with consumption of raw milk. J Infect Dis. Sep;152(3):592-6.

RG Villar, MD Macek, S Simons, et al. Investigation of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Serotype Typhimurium DT104 Infections Linked to Raw-Milk Cheese in Washington State. JAMA. 1999;281:1811-1816.

VB Alvarez. 4/15/2005. Health risks Associated with the Consumption of Raw Milk and Milk Products.

JR Stabel. 2003. Effective Methods for Postharvest Intervention in Dairy Processing. JDS 86:E10-E15

VH Holsinger, KT Rajkowski, JR Stabel. 1997. Milk pasteurization and safety: a brief history and update. Rev Sci Tech 16 (2):441-451

Escherichia coli O157 on U.S. Dairy Operations

Salmonella and Campylobacter on U.S. Dairy Operations

Salmonella and Listeria in Bulk Tank Milk on U.S. Dairies

CDC Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Foodborne outbreak response and surveillance unit has a search feature that allows enumeration of foodborne outbreaks 1990-1995 by various criteria.

The Campaign for Raw Milk in Ohio - websites

The Weston A Price Foundation

Examples of cow-share agreements:

Frequently asked questions which include responses to consumption of raw milk from one farm that cow-shares: