Introduction | Objectives | Goals | Faculty and Staff | Prerequisites and Application | Employment and Benefits | Orientation | Advisors and Mentoring | Clinical Service Responsibilities | Teaching Responsibilities | Educational Opportunities | Research and Scholarly Activity | Evaluations | Specialty College Requirements | Board Certification | Vacation/Illness/Off-Clinic Time | Appendices
The residency program in Ophthalmology at the Ohio State University provides advanced clinical training and specialization in the diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmic diseases of small and large animals under the supervision of 2-3 board-certified specialists. Faculty members are nationally and internationally recognized leaders in their respective fields. The residency is a 3-year program.
Training is designed to ensure development of clinical competence in ophthalmology by facilitating development of clinical proficiency, clinical skills, and knowledge of ophthalmology through exposure to a wide variety of cases at all levels of complexity. This goal is facilitated by location of the Veterinary Medical Center (2 practice locations) in a large metropolitan area (population over 1.5 million) that provides a rich variety of case material as well as a referral base that includes Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia and Michigan. Case management is carried out with the guidance and collaboration of experienced faculty who are recognized experts in their respective fields. State-of-the-art diagnostic and surgical equipment and facilities are available to develop technical expertise in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
The objectives of the program are for the resident to accomplish the following:
- Develop comprehensive, state-of-the-art expertise and clinical and surgical proficiency in ophthalmology;
- Satisfy the criteria necessary to qualify for Board Certification, and to prepare the resident for successful completion of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists Certification Examination;
- Prepare for future career goals of teaching, clinical research, scientific publication, or specialized practice;
First year: 90-100% direct supervision. Goals are to develop a thorough understanding of the normal eye and establish the diagnostic/therapeutic foundation for clinical veterinary ophthalmology and to initiate a research project and beginning the research project by the end of the first year of the residency. The resident should also begin preparation for the ABVO application including establishing a case and surgical log.
Second year: 80-90% direct supervision. Goals are to develop a thorough understanding of comparative ophthalmology and ophthalmic pathology, refine clinical and surgical skills, complete research project, continue preparation of the ABVO application and to develop competence in ophthalmic photography and microsurgery.
Third year: 80-85% direct supervision. Goals are to develop familiarity with current ophthalmic research, refine abilities in laboratory and exotic animal ophthalmology, to refine techniques in ophthalmic microsurgery and to finalize application and preparation for the ABVO examination.
- All potential residents must meet the minimum requirements and qualifications (see Residency Program Handbook).
- Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or permanent residents of the U.S. the Ohio State University cannot sponsor or process F, J, or H-1B visa applications for resident positions. We also cannot accept TN visas. Successful applicants must be available to report to The Ohio State University Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences no later than the scheduled beginning of the program.
- Applicants must be graduates of an AVMA-recognized College or School of Veterinary Medicine and have completed a one-year rotating internship or acceptable equivalent clinical experience.
- All requirements must be met to hold and maintain a limited license to practice Veterinary medicine in the State of Ohio – click here for information on licensure requirements.
For a full list of benefits, see the Residency Program Handbook
- Health insurance
- Book/travel allowance
- Personal + Professional days leave (from policy)
- Tuition assistance
- During the first few days at the commencement of the residency program, all incoming residents participate in a comprehensive orientation program (see the Residency Program Handbook) to introduce them to the department, college and university, complete necessary documentation, and to facilitate integration into our program and activities.
- Following the general orientation program for all residents, new ophthalmology residents will meet with the faculty to discuss and plan the initial few weeks and months of the first year of the residency.
- Typically, new residents will spend the first few days or weeks on clinical duty in an observatory capacity. Thereafter, new residents will take primary case responsibility and discuss each and every case with the faculty clinician before deciding on diagnostic approach and therapeutic management of the case. This period is variable dependent on the clinical knowledge and skills of the resident.
Each of the ophthalmology faculty members will serve in an equal capacity as clinical advisors. Residents will take advice and input from the on-clinic ophthalmologist.
The principal research advisor is decided once the area of research is decided. Until that time, all faculty are involved in initial discussions and planning of the direction of the resident’s research. The ophthalmologists who are not the primary research advisor to the resident will also serve in an advisory role to the residents and their projects.
The ophthalmology faculty members serve as mentors throughout the course of the residency and research project. We regard mentoring of our residents as one of our most important, and most enjoyable, duties. We are committed to providing support, guidance and help in all aspects of their professional lives during the course of the residency. We care about our residents’ professional and personal development and aim to assist our residents in being the best that they can possibly be and to prepare them for successful careers in ophthalmology.
- Residents are expected to participate in all small and large animal clinics, emergencies, and all in-house consultations.
- Residents will participate in small animal clinics with a faculty member at VMC Dublin (a local satellite location).
- When possible, residents should examine all outpatients and hospitalized patients.
- Residents should assist in and perform ophthalmic procedures
The resident is expected to be competent to set up and perform the following diagnostic/therapeutic procedures (this is not an all-inclusive list):
- Indirect Ophthalmoscopy
- Direct Ophthalmoscopy
- Ocular Photography
- Equine nerve blocks
- Ocular ultrasonography
- Visual evoked potentials
- Radiation therapy using the SR90 probe (resident must complete OSU radiation safety training)
- Aqueocentisis/Intracameral injection
- The resident is expected to perform the following surgeries on cadaver eyes and submit videotapes of them to the mentors for evaluation prior to performing these surgeries on live animals:
- Corneal laceration repair
- Conjunctival pedicle graft
- Corneoscleral transposition
- Penetrating keratoplasty
- Corneal limbal incision and closure
- Intraocular lens implantation
- Extracapsular cataract extraction
- The surgery room and equipment must be thoroughly cleaned following cadaver surgery.
Surgery Set Up and Clean Up
- Residents are expected to set up the operating microscope, television monitor and phacoemulsification machine prior to surgery and to put away all equipment at the conclusion of the surgery day.
- Residents are responsible for cleaning the micro surgical packs and the eyepacks and for flushing the irrigation/aspiration and phacoemulsification handpieces.
- Residents are expected to develop an understanding of the mechanics of the phacoemulsification machine.
Surgical Procedure Timeline
First year: Residents are expected to become proficient in extraocular procedures such as entropion correction, eyelid tumor excision, enucleation and evisceration and intrascleral prosthesis. Depending on ability, residents may also primarily perform keratectomy and conjunctival graft placement and may begin to master the approach to cataract surgery (stay suture placement, corneal groove, corneal incision, beginning +/- completion of continuous tear circular capsulorhexis, +/- begin phacoemulsification, +/- closure of corneal incision. The resident is expected to be familiar with the use of magnificaton using both surgical loupes and operating microscopes and to be able to set these up and use them appropriately. The resident is expected to be familiar with microsurgical instruments, their names, use and care.
Second year: Residents are expected to become proficient in corneal surgery such as laceration repair, keratectomy, conjunctival graft placement. Major blepharoplasty and orbital procedures should become familiar. Depending on the resident’s abilities, he/she will assisted by a faculty member to perform intraocular surgery including phacoemulsification, irrigation/aspiration, implantation of intraocular lens implants, closure of corneal incision and lensectomy.
Third year: Residents are expected to refine microsurgical skills particularly in intraocular surgery as listed under the second year.
Medical records should be completed in a timely fashion and should include the following:
- Chart master problem list and other findings completed
- Ophthalmic examination sheet completed and department copy filed
- Referral letter copy sent and links to rDVM portal opened for exam and bloodwork
- In-patients' SOAPs should be read at least once and comments made in the chart during the hospitalization of the pet to ensure that the patient is being properly cared for and that the student understands the diagnosis, treatment plan and prognosis.
- Surgery reports should be reviewed, corrected, and final copies approved within 24 hours of the surgery. It is the responsibility of the primary clinician on the case to make sure that the surgery reports are complete.
- Follow up on laboratory tests and call owners and referring veterinarians with results. It is acceptable for the student on the case to call owners with results.
- Follow up on pathology reports and call owners and referring veterinarians with results.
- Residents are responsible for promptly attending to all potential emergency calls.
- For non-emergency calls, the calls should be returned the same day if possible, but must be returned by the following day.
- Residents should arrange a schedule for emergency coverage and the schedule must be approved by the faculty.
- The resident on call must be reachable by pager or phone at all times.
- The resident on call should examine all cases referred for evaluation of an eye problem by a veterinarian and most current patients of ophthalmology that present with problems.
- The resident on call can use personal judgment after consultation with the emergency clinician on duty to determine if it is necessary to examine non-referred patients with ocular problems.
- The resident on call is responsible for telephone consultation with the emergency clinician to assist in diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmic cases.
- The resident on call is responsible for locking up all equipment after finished with an emergency.
- The resident is responsible for entering charges for all emergency patients before the patient is discharged.
- The resident is expected to consult with the faculty member on back-up for all equine emergencies and any complex cases or for any questions.
- Residents are expected to complete at least a penlight examination on all hospitalized patients prior to attending morning rounds or classes etc. Depending on the ophthalmic condition, a more complete examination may be required.
- Residents are responsible for checking ICU orders to ensure accurate treatment of the patients.
- The resident or the student on the case should update owners on the condition of the patient each morning after evaluation.
- Residents are responsible for assisting the senior students in determining daily insulin doses based on morning and evening blood glucose levels.
Patient Log and Surgery Log
- Residents are responsible for maintaining a surgery log per ABVO biannual requirements. Each surgery should be coded as follows: 3=resident is the primary surgeon without a diplomate assisting, 2=resident is the primary surgeon with the diplomate assisting, 1=resident is the assistant surgeon to a diplomate or senior resident as the primary surgeon
- Residents are expected to assist in student instruction/supervision/evaluation in clinical rotations for seniors.
- Residents are responsible for leading rounds discussions on daily cases and sample cases on projected slides.
- Residents are required to assist in Operative Practice surgical laboratories and techniques laboratories for the “Introduction to Veterinary Ophthalmology” core course for juniors.
- Residents may be required to assist in lectures for the “Introduction to Veterinary Ophthalmology” core course for juniors.
- Residents are responsible for creating a schedule for rounds each month and distributing it to all participants one week prior to the end of the month.
- Residents are expected to attend all rounds and to be prepared and punctual.
- Rounds schedules will include journal club, histopathology, 2x2 slide rounds, morbidity and mortality rounds and residents’ organizational meetings.
- Residents are expected to pick up slides for histopathology from Goss Lab and to return them after rounds.
- Residents are responsible for making sure that rooms and the microscope are reserved for rounds each semester.
- Residents are encouraged to maintain the pathology report filing system.
Basic Science Course
All residents are strongly encouraged to attend one Basic Science Course, a three-week intensive comparative ophthalmology and histopathology course offered every second year in the late Spring/early Summer.
ABVO Credentialing Process
Residents must complete the credentials process as outlined by the requirements of the ACVO.
ABVO Board Examination
- The resident is responsible for reviewing journals at least on a monthly basis for literature required to read for boards.
- The resident is expected to read Gelatt’s Veterinary Ophthalmology prior to starting the residency and to re-read and outline the book in preparation for the examination.
- The resident is expected to read and outline Adler’s Physiology of the Eye in preparation for the residency and for the examination.
- The resident is expected to read Havener’s Ocular Pharmacology in preparation for the residency and for the examination.
- The resident is expected to read Veterinary Clinics of North America 1997 Surgical Management of Ocular Disease in preparation for the residency and for the examination.
- The resident is expected to subscribe to the journal of Veterinary Ophthalmology throughout the residency.
The resident is expected to attend 2 ACVO meetings during the 3-year program and to present a paper/poster at one or more ACVO meetings.
- Residents are responsible for developing, with the assistance of the research mentor, a research project suitable for publication.
- Residents are expected to write a grant and to successfully acquire funding for their projects.
- Residents are expected to present the results of the research project at the ACVO meeting.
- Residents are expected to submit the research project for publication.
- Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences: Formal Resident Performance Evaluations are completed by January 5th and July 5th each year. Details of the nature and structure of these evaluations can be found in the Residency Program Handbook
- ABVO evaluations: The ABVO requires that residents are evaluated by their mentors every 6 months. In addition, the resident is responsible for completing an ABVO Residency Evaluation every 6 months throughout their program.
Additional requirements for successful completion of the residency as mandated by the ACVO may be found at www.abvo.us
We offer a comprehensive didactic and clinical training program that we believe provides excellent preparation for successful completion of the ACVO board certifying examinations.
Off Clinics Time
- A minimum of 26.4 weeks/3yr residency are provided for scholarly work primarily on the grant, research project, publication, and attendance of the Basic Science course (3-4 weeks). Off clinics time may be used for preparation of credentials and for preparation for the ACVO examination as long as the other requirements are fulfilled.
- Off clinics time is scheduled at the discretion of the mentors and the resident is responsible for keeping track of time used and time remaining.
Ten days of vacation are provided each year. Vacation time will be separate from the minimum 26.4 weeks off clinic time (see Resident Leave Policy in Residency Program Handbook).
- The resident may only schedule vacation time after the approval of all faculty members.
- Leave slips must be filed with the Department prior to vacation days and the small and large animal reception desks must be informed in advance.
- In the event of illness, the resident should notify a technician and the faculty member on clinical service as early as possible.
Draft biweekly schedule
Appendix 1: Weekly Schedule
8:00 - 9:00
9:00 - 12:00
Exams and Resident SA Surgery
SA Receiving (Dublin)
SA Receiving (Dublin)
SA Receiving and Post Patient Evaluation
1:00 - 5:00
SA Surgery Patient Workup
SA Receiving (Dublin)
SA Receiving (Dublin)
Emergencies - Large and Small Animal are accepted everyday throughout the day
In-House Consultations - Large and Small Animal are accepted everyday (M-F) throughout the day
For more information, please contact the VCS Education Program Coordinator:
last updated 8/25/21