Yersinia enterocolitica is an important foodborne pathogen known to cause gastrointestinal problems with symptoms ranging from acute enteritis with fever to occasionally bloody watery diarrhea, particularly in children (Bottone, 1997). It is estimated to cause 96,000 cases of human disease annually in the United States (Mead et al., 1999). Swine are recognized as major reservoir and potential source of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica to humans. This study provides the first data for Yersinia enterocolitica comparing prevalence and antimicrobial resistance between swine exposed to antimicrobials and those that are not given antimicrobials. In addition, it evaluates the genetic diversity of Y. enterocolitica.
USDA grant 2002-51110-01508