The NIH FOGARTY Global Infectious Diseases (GID) program awarded by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) – John E. Fogarty International Center supports the VPH-BIOTECH EASTERN AFRICA CONSORTIUM through a research training grant entitled “Molecular Epidemiology and Key Issues of Foodborne Pathogens in Eastern Africa”). The mission of this program is to train the future trainers (non-PhD holding faculty members [Track I) and laboratory support staff [Track II]) at the institutes using multi-disciplinary approaches with the ultimate goal of developing a critical mass of scientists capable of effectively conducting research and training on foodborne pathogens towards prevention and control.
This research training program is being conducted using two Tracks:
Track 1: Ongoing Activities
capacity strengthening partners in eastern Africa:
Track 2: Short-Term certification program: The program will receive a total of 12 laboratory technologists from partner institutes in Eastern Africa and will be trained for 60 days. The training consists of didactic modular courses (42 days) and practical laboratory training (18 days). The didactic training program will take place in Addis Ababa (ILRI-Addis) campus and the practical laboratory training part will be
at the Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA)-International Livestock Research Institute in partnership with the Kenyan Medical Research Institute (KEMRI).
Cycle 1: May 21- July 20, 2012:
In the first cycle (2012-2013) solicitation, the program will receive six (6) laboratory technologists from the three eastern Africa partner Institutes (two candidates from each country).
A short-term certification program, as part of the NIH Fogarty research and training program on “Molecular epidemiology and other key issues in foodborne pathogens in Eastern Africa” was completed from May 21 to July 20, 2012. Seven laboratory technologist trainees [three from Addis Ababa University, two each from University of Nairobi, Kenya and Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania) were nominated by the respective institute directors. The training consisted of didactic courses delivered at ILRI-Addis Ababa (May 21-June 29, 2012) and practical laboratory training (July 2-20, 2012) at kenya medical research Institute (KEMRI) and BecA-ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya.
Faculty members who participated in the delivery of this module included Drs J. Gunn (OSU-MC), D. Asrat (AAU, Ethiopia) S. Kirru (KEMRI, Kenya) and G. Tilahun (AAU, Ethiopia). This module is designed to provide the capacity to identify most common zoonotic foodborne diseases with respect to their etiology, epidemiology, as well as specific preventive and control measures.
This module was delivered by faculty members from OSU (Drs K. Hayes-Ozello and B. Molla) and covered issues surrounding the ethical conduct of science, scientific authorship, protocols for research on human and animal subjects, scientific conduct issues in an ethical decision, principles of laboratory biosafety, and data management.
Faculty members from OSU and eastern Africa who participated in the delivery of these courses included Drs W. Gebreyes (CVM-VPM) and R. Kazwala (SUA, Tanzania). This module was two components: a). Molecular Epidemiology of infectious Diseases: provides concepts of molecular tools that can be applied to epidemiological studies of infectious diseases; the capacity to identify the advantages and limitations of each molecular technique and develop skills to critically analyze and interpret data collected with various molecular approaches. b). Adjunct skills: the course addresses scientific communication, basics of scientific writing, communications and scientific presentations, report writing, grant writing and solicitation of funds, funding mechanisms and approaches for funding and scientific peer-review system for manuscript and grants.
This was a one week module and delivered by instructors from OSU-VPM/FAHRP (G. Rajashekara) and from JCVI (USA) R. Pieper. This course is designed to introduce the various biomedical informatics approaches that are instrumental for analysis of genotypic data; retrieval of genetic databases and understanding molecular data manipulations for the purposes of addressing infectious disease investigations.
The practical laboratory training was offered at the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) and BecA-ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya, from July 2-20, 2012. The training focused on phenotypic and genotypic characterization of foodborne pathogens and Faculty members who participated in the practical laboratory training included Drs P. Boyaka (CVM-BVS), A. Djikeng (BecA-ILRI, Nairobi), G. Rajashekara (CVM-VPM/FAHRP), S. Kariuki and S. Kirru (KEMRI, Kenya).